How to take Landscape Photos

Landscape photography is a favorite with professional and amateur photographers alike.

There awaits a wealth of natural landscapes filled with beauty and drama, always changing with the seasons. To avoid taking bland images, follow these top landscape photography tips.


Depth of Field...

When you are taking a landscape photograph, try creating a sense of depth by keeping all the different elements of the image in focus.

To do this you need to use a small aperture, from f/16-f/22 because this keeps objects in the foreground and background sharp. Place your camera on a tripod (this will eliminate camera shake) when using a small aperture, as less light will be entering the lens.


Wide Angle Lens.....

Wide-angle lenses are preferred for landscape photography because they can show a broader view, and therefore give a sense of wide open space.

They also tend to give a greater depth of field and allow you to use faster shutter speeds because they allow more light. Taking an image at f/16 will make both the foreground and background sharp.

Remember to try some interesting angles with the photograph.


Photo Filters....

To get the best possible images, you can make use of two filters in your landscape photography.

Polarizing filters darken the sky and therefore bring out the blues in contrast to the white of the clouds.

Neutral Density (ND) filters prevent too much light from entering the camera. This is useful on bright days, when the camera is unable to give you a slow shutter speed (you may want to capture the movement of the sky or water for example).


Slow Shutter Speed Photography...

If you are working with moving water you can create a stunning white water effect by choosing a long exposure. One way to do this is by using TV or S (Shutter-Priority) mode and choosing an exposure of 2 seconds or longer. You can also use AV (Aperture-Priority) mode and choose a small aperture like f/32 (which generally requires more light). If working with bright daylight you must use an ND filter to reduce the amount of light hitting the camera, and this way the camera will allow you to have a longer shutter time. You must always use a tripod for this kind of shot so that the rest of your image remains sharp.


The Rule of Thirds....

To use the rule of thirds, imagine four lines, two lying horizontally across the image and two vertical creating nine even squares. Some images will look best with the focal point in the center square, but placing the subject off center at one of the intersecting points of the imaginary lines, will often create a more aesthetically composed photograph. When a photograph is composed using the rule of thirds the eyes will wander the frame. A picture composed by the rule of thirds is usually more interesting and pleasing to the eye.


Camera Settings for Landscape Photography....

When shooting during the day you can afford to use a smaller aperture of f/22 to capture a super sharp detailed image. If you are trying to capture movement of water or of people and birds, then use a filter to reduce the amount of light going in and experiment with the shutter speed. For water you want to choose at least 2 seconds or more and for moving animals or people start from 1/60. You should always use a tripod for these types of landscape images.


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